It’s important that insurance firms take conflicts of interest seriously. Recent headlines have made this clear. So what should insurance firms check for when it comes to being better at conflicts of interest? Here's a checklist for conflicts of interest, with nine suggestions.
Three recent events have drawn attention to conflicts of interest in insurance:
At the top of an firm’s must do better’ checklist for conflicts of interest should be to stop seeing its approach to them as just a series of inputs. Examples of such inputs might be a policy, a risk assessment, procedures and the like. They’re important but still only secondary to what really matters, which are the outcomes. There’s no point ticking off all your inputs to managing conflicts of interest in insurance, if you don’t give as much, if not more, attention to the outcomes that are generated. Are these identified, and are they being tracked and reported?
Next on the list should be to people’s attitude towards conflicts of interest. Make sure the culture doesn’t equate having lots of good people at your firm or with the firm then having no conflicts of interest. Of course there’s lots of good people in insurance (I’ve worked with some great ones). That however doesn’t mean they’re not capable of making some poor decisions. It does happen - I’ve seen this happen before my very eyes on more than one occasion, with disastrous consequences for one firm in particular.
Some people may purposely decide to ignore the conflict of interest for reasons of personal gain, or just making life easier. And it will be these people that will be most impacted by the next item on the list. Many conflicts of interest in insurance happen because those involved believe that no one will notice. Those days will soon be over. The tools making up something called SupTech (supervisory technology) will soon allow regulators to pin point conflicts of interest with ease (more on that here).
If you align SupTech with the accountability of the UK’s Senior Managers and Certification Regime, then the ball for such behaviour will land firmly in the lap of the senior managers named on their firm’s responsibility map. So if they’re setting targets that make conflicts of interest more likely, SupTech will identify the outcomes and draw a line through those targets to the person responsible for setting them. Cue a re-application to remain certified.
Next on the list should be to take conflicts of interest in insurance as a warning sign that more serious misconduct might be present. They are often found to lead to much more serious behaviour, such as bribery and corruption (more on that here). The allegations being made against the senior insurance executives in the first two events mentioned above will have started with a plain and simple conflict of interest being ignored. And that involves both those engaging in it and those who should have been monitoring them.
One reason people don’t see conflicts of interest in insurance is because they assume all will be fine because the right policies and procedures in place. Yet some insurance firms have learnt to their high cost (more here ) that what is called the gross / net risk (more here) cannot be ignored. This is the difference between the processes being in place and people actually using them.
After gross/net risk on the list should be a simple test – take each of the firm’s senior directors aside and ask them to talk to you about conflicts of interest for just one minute. Encourage them not to engage in too much repetition, deviation or hesitation! They don’t have to give a brilliant performance, but it should be one that is coherent and considered. And if they struggle, get them some training.
I included all senior directors in that last point, and not just obvious ones like broking or procurement. That’s because conflicts of interest in insurance are pervasive. Underwriting, claims, broking, marketing and adjusting all have them at the heart of their work. And, given the cost of the repercussions of getting them systemically wrong, next on the list should be the inclusion by default of conflicts of interest on the material risk schedules of all insurance firms.
‘By default’ does not of course mean compulsory, for it still allows a firm to give reasons for not including conflicts of interest in their risk schedule. And this brings me to the last item on the list, which is for each firm to undertake a risk assessment of their conflicts of interest. It’s not rocket science – I set out a straightforward approach in this guide. What this does is to make decisions on conflicts of interest more informed ones. And by turning it round so that not including them in the risk schedule has to be justified, it makes those decisions more reflective ones as well.
Some parts of the insurance market have had a relaxed attitude to conflicts of interest. The advent of SupTech should put those happy to ‘have their cake and eat it’ on notice for a regulatory crash diet.
Here's a summary of the nine points on this checklist for conflicts of interest:
Duncan is the founder of the Ethics and Insurance blog and the author of its many posts. He's a Chartered Insurance Practitioner, having worked 18 years in the UK market. As an adviser to many firms on ethics issues, as well as a regular conference speaker, he is one of the leading voices on ethics and insurance.